INTRODUCTION Rosângela Rennó's billboard, Little Balls, was commissioned in the months leading to the war in Iraq. The image faintly reveals a soldier in a saturated field of deep blood-like red; the verticality of the original pose has been shifted to a horizontal position suggesting cessation, dormancy, and death. Rennó focuses on the recurring genre in family photo-albums of individual boys and men dressed in military or military-like uniform. In 1998, she began a collection of these photos and glass negatives drawing from different sources —family albums, thrift shops, and flea markets from countries throughout the world (Austria, Argentina, Brazil, France, Germany, Russia, the U.S., and others). These official portraits reiterate nationalist sentiment beyond historical and colonial context. The eerie impression of Little Balls was very timely, when the media tended to erase the devastating realities of the worldwide protested war in Iraq by focusing on the heroism of the troupes. Rosângela Rennó is one of Brazil's most prominent contemporary artists. Her work has been exhibited internationally in venues such as the Venice Biennial; The Museum of Contemporary Art of Los Angeles; Centro Reina Sofia, Madrid; and others. Exploring questions of gender and the cultural, social and spiritual values raised by a recurring family photo-album genre of boys and men dressed in military uniforms. The work is timely at present, when the glorification and support for the "coalition" troupes through official portraits in the media have erased the devastating realities of the war in Iraq.